In law, sedition is overt conduct, such as speech and organization, that tends toward insurrection against the established order. (1)
What’s the definition of Sedition?(2)
Whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to excite disaffection towards. 2[* * *] the Government established by law in 3[India], 4[* * *] shall be punished with 5[imprisonment for life], to which fine may be added, or with imprisonment which may extend to three years, to which fine may be added, or with fine.
Explanation 1-The expression “disaffection” includes disloyalty and all feelings of enmity.
Explanation 2-Comments expressing disapprobation of the measures of the attempting to excite hatred, contempt or disaffection, do not constitute an offence under this section.
Explanation 3-Comments expressing disapprobation of the administrative or other action of the Government without exciting or attempting to excite hatred, contempt or disaffection, do not constitute an offence under this section
Freedom of speech in India
Article 19 in The Constitution Of India 1949(3)
(1) All citizens shall have the right
(a) to freedom of speech and expression;
(b) to assemble peaceably and without arms;
(c) to form associations or unions;
(d) to move freely throughout the territory of India;
(e) to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India; and
(g) to practise any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business
Is the Freedom of Speech absolute?
In India most of the time, most people get away with saying anything.Because seriously with a population is 1.27 billion can the government really monitor who is saying what?
So how did the government or for that matter , police know what was happening in JNU during that particular Cultural evening?
Did it happen for the first time at JNU.?
Does all students of JNU feel this way?
If they are so proud of their righteous thoughts ,why were they covering their faces repeatedly?
I as an ordinary citizen would like to know whether they are against the death penalty or just death penalty of Afzal?
It’s okay if somebody decides to kill innocents.It’s okay if somebody says more such killers will be born.
But it’s not okay if we display anger and shame at this?
Critisizing the Supreme court amounting to contempt is okay, because they are from JNU?
So Human rights for cold blooded terrorists who don’t care for humans…?
This is probably what happens when the youth forgets to introspect .
Pointing fingers is easier when you gave never worked ,never created something, just been given stuff.
Breaking India has been a large part of the strategy of many outside forces.If India is overcome by terrorists , you can well imagine what will happen.
These so called intellectuals whatever their religion, will understand why India is still India..but it will be too late.
What are the qualifiers for freedom of speech?
The First Amendment to the Constitution, made on June 18, 1951, states that “interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the state, friendly relations with Foreign States, public order, decency or morality or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence” will be paramount and freedom of expression will not be unconditional.
Section 153A: Deals with words, spoken or written, or representations that promote disharmony and feelings of enmity, hatred or ill-will between groups. The penalty is 3 years in jail and/or fine.
Kashmir as a separate state?
Dr.B.R. Ambedkar’s view
Opposition to Article 370:
Ambedkar opposed Article 370 of the Constitution of India, which granted a special status to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, and which was included against his wishes. Balraj Madhok reportedly said, Ambedkar had clearly told Sk. Abdullah: “You wish India should protect your borders, she should build roads in your area, she should supply you food grains, and Kashmir should get equal status as India. But Government of India should have only limited powers and Indian people should have no rights in Kashmir. To give consent to this proposal, would be a treacherous thing against the interests of India and I, as the Law Minister of India, will never do it.
Kashmir has been a bone of contention for long.Once Kashmir is separate from India it will be easy to totally become a nexus for terrorist activities.
Then they will want Delhi ? and so on and so forth.
But anybody who has read Indian history , will recognise how history is repeating itself.
That’s why we need to be together at this hour and stop the radicalization of our youth.
Teachers and parents need to be even more vigilant because brain washing is easier than you think.
The student community is powerful.They are the future. But their voices are strangely echoing the past .
Is it lack of
knowledge ,awareness ,empathy?
Why are we not having publicised days at JNU and Jadavpur University in memory of those killed in the Parliament attack.(Nine persons including eight security personnel and one gardener lost their lives in the attack ).
Do you even know their names?Or do we not care enough for these people, because they are not terrorists .
But we know Afzal Guru.
Why did the Supreme Court uphold his death penalty?
Supreme court judges are chosen for their qualifications and experience and are probably more wise than JNU students …but who cares ,right?
Most people are agitated about police entering the JNU campus.Same thing happened at Jadavpur but police was not called.
So its sedition at JNU but not at Jadavpur?I am really confused now.
If you are inside the campus of these very esteemed universities where the brightest shine. ..then you can so or do anything?
Is this the message we want to send out to our youths?
Is this part of a large conspiracy?
#Conspiracy Theory 1
The government is all powerful can say or do anything.
They made up the case of Afzal Guru totally .
It all happened one fine day. The then, people in power decided to have a high profile anti Pakistan event staged .
The attack on Parliament was planned by India but no one was supposed to get hurt.
Since people did die and it was the Parliament ,somebody had to be made a scape goat.
Afzal Guru was found luckily and then the entire thing was arranged.
The JNU students were having a nice cultural event with singing and dancing.
No antiIndia or seditious slogans were given
The audio tract was infact separately added to the video.Its all a lie aimed to malign JNU which is bigger than supreme court,Parliament, and of course India because. .. (not sure why)
They were also remembering poor Afzal and were not hurting the sentiments of Indian soldiers and the widows and children of soldiers who have died.
They obviously died by mistake .Their time on this earth were limited .The terrorists didn’t mean to hurt,they were at the wrong place at the wrong time. They just want Kashmir,India, etc.etc.
#Conspiracy theory 2
Part 1 :
Outside divisive forces providing drugs and money for criminalization of Indian youth .
Some do it for easy money.Some are brainwashed by their drug addiction.
It’s easier to brain wash if you are an addict.
There’s a brain washing machine kept somewhere.Remember Hirak Rajar Deshey.
A section of media and intellectuals have been targetted because of their sympathetic views.They are being used to spread the news about alleged wrongful police action inJNU.
Story still unfolding….
So what to believe?
Believe what you want.Its India!
Speak responsibly .Because words are very powerful.You really can’t take them back.
Act even more carefully. Because your actions are louder than words.
All politicians have to forget vote bank and do the right thing .History is cruel and has a very long memory.
Let’s question everything .
Let’s be curious.
Let’s have empathy.
Let’s not say superficial things because it’s fashionable.
Before you speak of your rights ,do read your duties
List of Fundamental Duties: Art. 51A, Part IVAof the Indian Constitution, specifies the list of fundamental duties of the citizens. It says “it shall be the duty of every citizen of India:
To abide by the constitution and respect its ideal and institutions;
To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious,
linguistic and regional diversities, to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wild-life and to have compassion for living creatures;
To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
Who is a parent or guardian , to provide opportunities for education to his child, or as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years.
The fundamental duties are important reminders to prevent irresponsible usage of our rights.
I thought questioning the merits of the current controversy was a part of my fundamental duties. What’s your opinion?
The opinions are in no way aimed to hurt anyone’s sentiment. It’s only meant as a reflection of current confusion regarding various issues.